﹥ Portuguese Verb Tenses ﹥ -AR | calhar

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Conjugation of Portuguese Verb calhar



Indicative Tenses

eu calheinós calhámos
tu calhastevós calhastes
ele calhoueles calharam
past imperfect
eu calhavanós calhávamos
tu calhavasvós calháveis
ele calhavaeles calhavam
past pluperfect
eu calharanós calháramos
tu calharasvós calháreis
ele calharaeles calharam

Indicative Tenses

eu calhonós calhamos
tu calhasvós calhais
ele calhaeles calham
eu calhareinós calharemos
tu calharásvós calhareis
ele calharáeles calharão
nós calhemos
tu calhavós calhai
ele calheeles calhem
eu calharianós calharíamos
tu calhariasvós calharíeis
ele calhariaeles calhariam
personal infinitive
eu calharnós calharmos
tu calharesvós calhardes
ele calhareles calharem

Subjunctive Tenses

eu calhassenós calhássemos
tu calhassesvós calhásseis
ele calhasseeles calhassem
eu calhenós calhemos
tu calhesvós calheis
ele calheeles calhem
eu calharnós calharmos
tu calharesvós calhardes
ele calhareles calharem

*Verbs are shown as radical + verb pattern or irregular verb. For example, the infinitive gostar conjugation is shown as 'gost' + 'ar'. The irregular first person singular preterite of ter conjugation is shown as tive.

-AR conjugation hints:
  1. All second persons end in 's' except for the imperative and preterite indicative singular
  2. All singulars for first and second persons end in a vowel except for the future and personal infinitive
  3. All first person plurals end in '-mos'
  4. All third person plurals end in 'm' except for future indicative
  5. The future subjunctive and personal infinitive are the same
  6. The future and pluperfect indicatives are the same except the stress syllable on the pluperfect is before the future and the first person singular and the third person plural suffixes are different
  7. It is important to remember that all the subjunctive tenses are 'subject' unto the indicative tenses for creating the radical part of the verb. The radical for the present subjunctive is formed by dropping the final 'o' of the present indicative first person singular. The radicals for both the preterite and future subjunctives are formed by dropping the '-ram' from the preterite indicative third preson plural.
  8. Considering the -ar and either the -er or -ir suffixes as opposite conjugations, the indicative and subjunctive present tenses are almost opposites. The radical of the present subjective is formed by dropping the final 'o' from the present indicative first person singular. The verb conjugation is formed as the opposite present indicative verb conjugation except the first person singular is the same as the third person singular.
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