﹥ Conjugate Portuguese Verbs ﹥ -AR | cavar

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Conjugation of Portuguese Verb cavar



Indicative Tenses

eu caveinós cavámos
tu cavastevós cavastes
ele cavoueles cavaram
past imperfect
eu cavavanós cavávamos
tu cavavasvós caváveis
ele cavavaeles cavavam
past pluperfect
eu cavaranós caváramos
tu cavarasvós caváreis
ele cavaraeles cavaram

Indicative Tenses

eu cavonós cavamos
tu cavasvós cavais
ele cavaeles cavam
eu cavareinós cavaremos
tu cavarásvós cavareis
ele cavaráeles cavarão
nós cavemos
tu cavavós cavai
ele caveeles cavem
eu cavarianós cavaríamos
tu cavariasvós cavaríeis
ele cavariaeles cavariam
personal infinitive
eu cavarnós cavarmos
tu cavaresvós cavardes
ele cavareles cavarem

Subjunctive Tenses

eu cavassenós cavássemos
tu cavassesvós cavásseis
ele cavasseeles cavassem
eu cavenós cavemos
tu cavesvós caveis
ele caveeles cavem
eu cavarnós cavarmos
tu cavaresvós cavardes
ele cavareles cavarem

*Verbs are shown as radical + verb pattern or irregular verb. For example, the infinitive gostar conjugation is shown as 'gost' + 'ar'. The irregular first person singular preterite of ter conjugation is shown as tive.

-AR conjugation hints:
  1. All second persons end in 's' except for the imperative and preterite indicative singular
  2. All singulars for first and second persons end in a vowel except for the future and personal infinitive
  3. All first person plurals end in '-mos'
  4. All third person plurals end in 'm' except for future indicative
  5. The future subjunctive and personal infinitive are the same
  6. The future and pluperfect indicatives are the same except the stress syllable on the pluperfect is before the future and the first person singular and the third person plural suffixes are different
  7. It is important to remember that all the subjunctive tenses are 'subject' unto the indicative tenses for creating the radical part of the verb. The radical for the present subjunctive is formed by dropping the final 'o' of the present indicative first person singular. The radicals for both the preterite and future subjunctives are formed by dropping the '-ram' from the preterite indicative third preson plural.
  8. Considering the -ar and either the -er or -ir suffixes as opposite conjugations, the indicative and subjunctive present tenses are almost opposites. The radical of the present subjective is formed by dropping the final 'o' from the present indicative first person singular. The verb conjugation is formed as the opposite present indicative verb conjugation except the first person singular is the same as the third person singular.
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