﹥ Portuguese Verb Tenses ﹥ -AR | encostar

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Conjugation of Portuguese Verb encostar



Indicative Tenses

eu encosteinós encostámos
tu encostastevós encostastes
ele encostoueles encostaram
past imperfect
eu encostavanós encostávamos
tu encostavasvós encostáveis
ele encostavaeles encostavam
past pluperfect
eu encostaranós encostáramos
tu encostarasvós encostáreis
ele encostaraeles encostaram

Indicative Tenses

eu encostonós encostamos
tu encostasvós encostais
ele encostaeles encostam
eu encostareinós encostaremos
tu encostarásvós encostareis
ele encostaráeles encostarão
nós encostemos
tu encostavós encostai
ele encosteeles encostem
eu encostarianós encostaríamos
tu encostariasvós encostaríeis
ele encostariaeles encostariam
personal infinitive
eu encostarnós encostarmos
tu encostaresvós encostardes
ele encostareles encostarem

Subjunctive Tenses

eu encostassenós encostássemos
tu encostassesvós encostásseis
ele encostasseeles encostassem
eu encostenós encostemos
tu encostesvós encosteis
ele encosteeles encostem
eu encostarnós encostarmos
tu encostaresvós encostardes
ele encostareles encostarem

*Verbs are shown as radical + verb pattern or irregular verb. For example, the infinitive gostar conjugation is shown as 'gost' + 'ar'. The irregular first person singular preterite of ter conjugation is shown as tive.

-AR conjugation hints:
  1. All second persons end in 's' except for the imperative and preterite indicative singular
  2. All singulars for first and second persons end in a vowel except for the future and personal infinitive
  3. All first person plurals end in '-mos'
  4. All third person plurals end in 'm' except for future indicative
  5. The future subjunctive and personal infinitive are the same
  6. The future and pluperfect indicatives are the same except the stress syllable on the pluperfect is before the future and the first person singular and the third person plural suffixes are different
  7. It is important to remember that all the subjunctive tenses are 'subject' unto the indicative tenses for creating the radical part of the verb. The radical for the present subjunctive is formed by dropping the final 'o' of the present indicative first person singular. The radicals for both the preterite and future subjunctives are formed by dropping the '-ram' from the preterite indicative third preson plural.
  8. Considering the -ar and either the -er or -ir suffixes as opposite conjugations, the indicative and subjunctive present tenses are almost opposites. The radical of the present subjective is formed by dropping the final 'o' from the present indicative first person singular. The verb conjugation is formed as the opposite present indicative verb conjugation except the first person singular is the same as the third person singular.
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