﹥ Portuguese Verb Tenses ﹥ -AR | ensinar

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Conjugation of Portuguese Verb ensinar



Indicative Tenses

eu ensineinós ensinámos
tu ensinastevós ensinastes
ele ensinoueles ensinaram
past imperfect
eu ensinavanós ensinávamos
tu ensinavasvós ensináveis
ele ensinavaeles ensinavam
past pluperfect
eu ensinaranós ensináramos
tu ensinarasvós ensináreis
ele ensinaraeles ensinaram

Indicative Tenses

eu ensinonós ensinamos
tu ensinasvós ensinais
ele ensinaeles ensinam
eu ensinareinós ensinaremos
tu ensinarásvós ensinareis
ele ensinaráeles ensinarão
nós ensinemos
tu ensinavós ensinai
ele ensineeles ensinem
eu ensinarianós ensinaríamos
tu ensinariasvós ensinaríeis
ele ensinariaeles ensinariam
personal infinitive
eu ensinarnós ensinarmos
tu ensinaresvós ensinardes
ele ensinareles ensinarem

Subjunctive Tenses

eu ensinassenós ensinássemos
tu ensinassesvós ensinásseis
ele ensinasseeles ensinassem
eu ensinenós ensinemos
tu ensinesvós ensineis
ele ensineeles ensinem
eu ensinarnós ensinarmos
tu ensinaresvós ensinardes
ele ensinareles ensinarem

*Verbs are shown as radical + verb pattern or irregular verb. For example, the infinitive gostar conjugation is shown as 'gost' + 'ar'. The irregular first person singular preterite of ter conjugation is shown as tive.

-AR conjugation hints:
  1. All second persons end in 's' except for the imperative and preterite indicative singular
  2. All singulars for first and second persons end in a vowel except for the future and personal infinitive
  3. All first person plurals end in '-mos'
  4. All third person plurals end in 'm' except for future indicative
  5. The future subjunctive and personal infinitive are the same
  6. The future and pluperfect indicatives are the same except the stress syllable on the pluperfect is before the future and the first person singular and the third person plural suffixes are different
  7. It is important to remember that all the subjunctive tenses are 'subject' unto the indicative tenses for creating the radical part of the verb. The radical for the present subjunctive is formed by dropping the final 'o' of the present indicative first person singular. The radicals for both the preterite and future subjunctives are formed by dropping the '-ram' from the preterite indicative third preson plural.
  8. Considering the -ar and either the -er or -ir suffixes as opposite conjugations, the indicative and subjunctive present tenses are almost opposites. The radical of the present subjective is formed by dropping the final 'o' from the present indicative first person singular. The verb conjugation is formed as the opposite present indicative verb conjugation except the first person singular is the same as the third person singular.
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