﹥ Portuguese Verb Tenses ﹥ -AR | espertar

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Conjugation of Portuguese Verb espertar



Indicative Tenses

eu esperteinós espertámos
tu espertastevós espertastes
ele espertoueles espertaram
past imperfect
eu espertavanós espertávamos
tu espertavasvós espertáveis
ele espertavaeles espertavam
past pluperfect
eu espertaranós espertáramos
tu espertarasvós espertáreis
ele espertaraeles espertaram

Indicative Tenses

eu espertonós espertamos
tu espertasvós espertais
ele espertaeles espertam
eu espertareinós espertaremos
tu espertarásvós espertareis
ele espertaráeles espertarão
nós espertemos
tu espertavós espertai
ele esperteeles espertem
eu espertarianós espertaríamos
tu espertariasvós espertaríeis
ele espertariaeles espertariam
personal infinitive
eu espertarnós espertarmos
tu espertaresvós espertardes
ele espertareles espertarem

Subjunctive Tenses

eu espertassenós espertássemos
tu espertassesvós espertásseis
ele espertasseeles espertassem
eu espertenós espertemos
tu espertesvós esperteis
ele esperteeles espertem
eu espertarnós espertarmos
tu espertaresvós espertardes
ele espertareles espertarem

*Verbs are shown as radical + verb pattern or irregular verb. For example, the infinitive gostar conjugation is shown as 'gost' + 'ar'. The irregular first person singular preterite of ter conjugation is shown as tive.

-AR conjugation hints:
  1. All second persons end in 's' except for the imperative and preterite indicative singular
  2. All singulars for first and second persons end in a vowel except for the future and personal infinitive
  3. All first person plurals end in '-mos'
  4. All third person plurals end in 'm' except for future indicative
  5. The future subjunctive and personal infinitive are the same
  6. The future and pluperfect indicatives are the same except the stress syllable on the pluperfect is before the future and the first person singular and the third person plural suffixes are different
  7. It is important to remember that all the subjunctive tenses are 'subject' unto the indicative tenses for creating the radical part of the verb. The radical for the present subjunctive is formed by dropping the final 'o' of the present indicative first person singular. The radicals for both the preterite and future subjunctives are formed by dropping the '-ram' from the preterite indicative third preson plural.
  8. Considering the -ar and either the -er or -ir suffixes as opposite conjugations, the indicative and subjunctive present tenses are almost opposites. The radical of the present subjective is formed by dropping the final 'o' from the present indicative first person singular. The verb conjugation is formed as the opposite present indicative verb conjugation except the first person singular is the same as the third person singular.
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