ConjugateVerb.com ﹥ Portuguese Conjugator ﹥ -AR | espertar

language select icon thanks to english wikipedialanguage
English
Português

Conjugation of the Portuguese Verb 'espertar'

Participles

pastpresent
espertadoespertando
AA

Indicative Tenses

preterite
eu esperteinós espertámos
tu espertastevós espertastes
ele espertoueles espertaram
past imperfect
eu espertavanós espertávamos
tu espertavasvós espertáveis
ele espertavaeles espertavam
past pluperfect
eu espertaranós espertáramos
tu espertarasvós espertáreis
ele espertaraeles espertaram

Indicative Tenses

present
eu espertonós espertamos
tu espertasvós espertais
ele espertaeles espertam
future
eu espertareinós espertaremos
tu espertarásvós espertareis
ele espertaráeles espertarão
imperative
espertemos nós
esperta tuespertai vós
esperte eleespertem eles
conditional
eu espertarianós espertaríamos
tu espertariasvós espertaríeis
ele espertariaeles espertariam
personal infinitive
para espertar eupara espertarmos nós
para espertares tupara espertardes vós
para espertar elepara espertarem eles

Subjunctive Tenses

past imperfect
se eu espertassese nós espertássemos
se tu espertassesse vós espertásseis
se ele espertassese eles espertassem
present
que eu esperteque nós espertemos
que tu espertesque vós esperteis
que ele esperteque eles espertem
future
quando eu espertarquando nós espertarmos
quando tu espertaresquando vós espertardes
quando ele espertarquando eles espertarem
eco-friendly printable Portuguese conjugation for the verb espertar

*Verbs are shown as:

  1. INFINITIVE + SUFFIX: For example, the verb dar has a conjugation of dar+ei which is shown as darei.
  2. STEM + SUFFIX REPLACEMENT: For example, the verb volver has a conjugation of volv+eu which is shown as volveu.
  3. IRREGULAR: For example, the verb pedir has a conjugation of peço which is shown as peço.
-AR conjugation hints:
  1. All second persons end in 's' except for the imperative and preterite indicative singular
  2. All singulars for first and second persons end in a vowel except for the future and personal infinitive
  3. All first person plurals end in '-mos'
  4. All third person plurals end in 'm' except for future indicative
  5. The future subjunctive and personal infinitive are the same
  6. The future and pluperfect indicatives are the same except the stress syllable on the pluperfect is before the future and the first person singular and the third person plural suffixes are different
  7. It is important to remember that all the subjunctive tenses are 'subject' unto the indicative tenses for creating the radical part of the verb. The radical for the present subjunctive is formed by dropping the final 'o' of the present indicative first person singular. The radicals for both the preterite and future subjunctives are formed by dropping the '-ram' from the preterite indicative third preson plural.
  8. Considering the -ar and either the -er or -ir suffixes as opposite conjugations, the indicative and subjunctive present tenses are almost opposites. The radical of the present subjective is formed by dropping the final 'o' from the present indicative first person singular. The verb conjugation is formed as the opposite present indicative verb conjugation except the first person singular is the same as the third person singular.