﹥ Portuguese Verb Tenses ﹥ -AR | gramar

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Conjugation of Portuguese Verb gramar



Indicative Tenses

eu grameinós gramámos
tu gramastevós gramastes
ele gramoueles gramaram
past imperfect
eu gramavanós gramávamos
tu gramavasvós gramáveis
ele gramavaeles gramavam
past pluperfect
eu gramaranós gramáramos
tu gramarasvós gramáreis
ele gramaraeles gramaram

Indicative Tenses

eu gramonós gramamos
tu gramasvós gramais
ele gramaeles gramam
eu gramareinós gramaremos
tu gramarásvós gramareis
ele gramaráeles gramarão
nós gramemos
tu gramavós gramai
ele grameeles gramem
eu gramarianós gramaríamos
tu gramariasvós gramaríeis
ele gramariaeles gramariam
personal infinitive
eu gramarnós gramarmos
tu gramaresvós gramardes
ele gramareles gramarem

Subjunctive Tenses

eu gramassenós gramássemos
tu gramassesvós gramásseis
ele gramasseeles gramassem
eu gramenós gramemos
tu gramesvós grameis
ele grameeles gramem
eu gramarnós gramarmos
tu gramaresvós gramardes
ele gramareles gramarem

*Verbs are shown as radical + verb pattern or irregular verb. For example, the infinitive gostar conjugation is shown as 'gost' + 'ar'. The irregular first person singular preterite of ter conjugation is shown as tive.

-AR conjugation hints:
  1. All second persons end in 's' except for the imperative and preterite indicative singular
  2. All singulars for first and second persons end in a vowel except for the future and personal infinitive
  3. All first person plurals end in '-mos'
  4. All third person plurals end in 'm' except for future indicative
  5. The future subjunctive and personal infinitive are the same
  6. The future and pluperfect indicatives are the same except the stress syllable on the pluperfect is before the future and the first person singular and the third person plural suffixes are different
  7. It is important to remember that all the subjunctive tenses are 'subject' unto the indicative tenses for creating the radical part of the verb. The radical for the present subjunctive is formed by dropping the final 'o' of the present indicative first person singular. The radicals for both the preterite and future subjunctives are formed by dropping the '-ram' from the preterite indicative third preson plural.
  8. Considering the -ar and either the -er or -ir suffixes as opposite conjugations, the indicative and subjunctive present tenses are almost opposites. The radical of the present subjective is formed by dropping the final 'o' from the present indicative first person singular. The verb conjugation is formed as the opposite present indicative verb conjugation except the first person singular is the same as the third person singular.
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