﹥ Conjugate Portuguese Verbs ﹥ -AR | penar

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Conjugation of Portuguese Verb penar



Indicative Tenses

eu peneinós penámos
tu penastevós penastes
ele penoueles penaram
past imperfect
eu penavanós penávamos
tu penavasvós penáveis
ele penavaeles penavam
past pluperfect
eu penaranós penáramos
tu penarasvós penáreis
ele penaraeles penaram

Indicative Tenses

eu penonós penamos
tu penasvós penais
ele penaeles penam
eu penareinós penaremos
tu penarásvós penareis
ele penaráeles penarão
nós penemos
tu penavós penai
ele peneeles penem
eu penarianós penaríamos
tu penariasvós penaríeis
ele penariaeles penariam
personal infinitive
eu penarnós penarmos
tu penaresvós penardes
ele penareles penarem

Subjunctive Tenses

eu penassenós penássemos
tu penassesvós penásseis
ele penasseeles penassem
eu penenós penemos
tu penesvós peneis
ele peneeles penem
eu penarnós penarmos
tu penaresvós penardes
ele penareles penarem

*Verbs are shown as radical + verb pattern or irregular verb. For example, the infinitive gostar conjugation is shown as 'gost' + 'ar'. The irregular first person singular preterite of ter conjugation is shown as tive.

-AR conjugation hints:
  1. All second persons end in 's' except for the imperative and preterite indicative singular
  2. All singulars for first and second persons end in a vowel except for the future and personal infinitive
  3. All first person plurals end in '-mos'
  4. All third person plurals end in 'm' except for future indicative
  5. The future subjunctive and personal infinitive are the same
  6. The future and pluperfect indicatives are the same except the stress syllable on the pluperfect is before the future and the first person singular and the third person plural suffixes are different
  7. It is important to remember that all the subjunctive tenses are 'subject' unto the indicative tenses for creating the radical part of the verb. The radical for the present subjunctive is formed by dropping the final 'o' of the present indicative first person singular. The radicals for both the preterite and future subjunctives are formed by dropping the '-ram' from the preterite indicative third preson plural.
  8. Considering the -ar and either the -er or -ir suffixes as opposite conjugations, the indicative and subjunctive present tenses are almost opposites. The radical of the present subjective is formed by dropping the final 'o' from the present indicative first person singular. The verb conjugation is formed as the opposite present indicative verb conjugation except the first person singular is the same as the third person singular.
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